In the whole world, Auschwitz is known as the symbol of terror, genocide and the Holocaust. It was established by the Nazi Germans in 1940, on the outskirts of Oświęcim - a Polish city, which was annexed into the Third Reich. Its name was changed to Auschwitz, thus, from it the name of the camp - Konzentrationslager Auschwitz was derived. Initially, Auschwitz was supposed to be a concentration camp, similar to ones already established by Nazi Germans since March 1933. It operated as such during all of its existence, however, since 1942 it also became the biggest place of extermination, where the Nazi Germans realized the plan of assassination of all European Jews - "the final solution to the Jewish Question" (Endlösung der Judenfrage).
The local populace, Poles and Polish Jews which lived near the camp were relocated between 1940 and 1941. Around 1.000 houses were demolished. Other buildings were assigned to SS officials and other personnel. In some cases, whole families lived in the assigned houses. The camp's administration used the zone surrounding the camp as a support area, with workshops, warehouses, offices and SS quarters.
The first and the oldest camp was called the "principal camp". Later it became known as "Auschwitz I" (number of prisoners fluctuated between 15.000 and 20.000, sometimes surpassing the latter). It was established in an area with buildings used before the war by the Polish army. The second part of the camp was known as the "Birkenau camp" (or "Auschwitz II-Birkenau"). More than 90.000 prisoners lived there in 1944. The Nazi Germans began its construction in 1941, in the village of Brzezinka, 3 kilometres away from Oświęcim. Its Polish inhabitants were relocated, their houses confiscated and demolished. Most of the extermination apparatus was constructed in Birkenau, and most of the victims were assassinated here...
We are a company specialising in planned excursions to Auschwitz-Birkenau from Cracow, with private visits in English, conducted by official Blue Badge Auschwitz guides. We have received the 2020 Tripadvisor Travelers’ Choice Award and The Certificate of Excellence in 2019, 2018 and 2017. We offer 3 possibilities of visiting Auschwitz:
This visit contains the exhibition that can be seen during the 3 hour and 30 minutes visit. In addition to that, you will see a few blocs with national exhibitions in Auschwitz I. Furthermore in Auschwitz II Camp you will visit, among places seen during the 3 hour and 30 minutes visit (a barrack, the selection platform, International Monument and ruins of Crematorium number II) the Sauna zone, Canada zone and ruins of Crematories number IV and V.
This guided visit contains the exhibition you will see in the 3 hour and 30 minutes visit. You will see a few blocs with national exhibitions in Auschwitz I Camp. In Auschwitz II-Birkenau, in addition to what you will see during the 3 hour and 30 minutes visit (a barrack, the selection platform, the International Monument and ruins of Crematorium number II) you will also reach the Sauna zone, the Canada zone, ruins of Crematories III, IV and V and you will visit the barracks (with their sanitary installations) in which the prisoners lived.
The difference between the 6 hour and 8 hour visit, is that in the 8 hour visit you will also see the ruins of Crematories III, IV, V and the barracks (with their sanitary installations) where the prisoners lived.
Made with ❤️ in Cracow